Role of videocapillaroscopy in early detection of transition from primary to secondary Raynaud’s fenomenon in systemic sclerosis
AbstractPatients initially diagnosed as having primary Raynaud’s phenomenon (PRP) may shift to secondary (SRP) during the follow-up. Nailfold videocapillaroscopy (NVC) is a tool that allows to distinguish between PRP and SRP through the identification of the “early” scleroderma-pattern of microangiopathy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the transition from PRP to SRP in an Italian cohort of patients during their follow-up. 129 patients with PRP were identified and followed-up for 2721 months. The diagnosis of PRP was achieved as suggested by LeRoy. The NVC diagnosis of scleroderma-pattern was based on the presence of specific “early” capillary abnormalities (i.e. giant capillaries, microhaemorrhages, and/or slight reduction of capillary density). Based on the identification of the “early” scleroderma-pattern by NVC, 14% of patients changed from PRP to SRP during the follow-up. Interestingly, 4.6% of these patients showed at baseline a fully normal NVC pattern (transition from normal to scleroderma NVC pattern in 3427 months), and 10% showed slight and not-specific nailfold capillary abnormalities (i.e. dystrophic capillaries and/or enlarged capillaries) at baseline (transition to scleroderma NVC pattern in 2515 months). Following a careful NVC analysis, we showed the progression from PRP to SRP in 14% of the analyzed patients. We suggest the capillaroscopic analysis twice a year in presence of PRP, in order to early detect the transition to SRP in patients showing at the beginning a normal pattern or not-specific nailfold capillary abnormalities, as assessed by NVC.
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Copyright (c) 1970 M.E. Secchi, A. Sulli, M. Grollero, C. Pizzorni, M. Parodi, S. Paolino, B. Seriolo, M. Cutolo
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